You can understand the surgical and treatment options for uterine fibroids if you understand the types of Uterine Fibroids.  Types of Uterine Fibroids have been exlained in the following sections.

If Uterine Fibroids are small and don’t produce any symptoms, then the doctor might not suggest treatment. This is because, the treatment or surgical options for Uterine Fibroids will depend on its Types and its location. Read the following sections to understand the type of fibroids.

What are the Types of Uterine Fibroids?

There are three types of Uterine Fibroids which are classified based on the location of fibroids, they are:
1. Intramural Fibroids
2. Subserosal Fibroids
3. Submucosal Fibroids

Types of Uterine Fibroids
Schematic drawing of various types of uterine fibroids: subserosal, intramural, submucosal, and pedunculated fibroids. Female reproductive system (internal sex organs). uterus with broad ligament on the white background. Human anatomy

Intramural Fibroids

These are the most common Type of Uterine Fibroids and they are located in the muscular wall of uterus. They start as a small nodules and with time they expand inwards. This might lead to distortion or stretching of the womb. If this happens then doctors may suggest surgery. But if Intramural Fibroids are small and do not show any symptoms, doctors may opt for other treatment options.

Subserosal Fibroids 

These are located outside of the uterus. Subserosal Fibroids can grow outwards of the surface and they can remain attached by a small piece of tissue. These type of fibroids are known as Pedunculated Subserosal Fibroids. Subserosal Fibroids can grow larger and might cause pain because of their size or pressure which they exert on nearby organs. Sometimes these pedunculated growths can detach from the uterus and might become a Parasitic Leiomyoma.

Submucosal Fibroids

They grow in the muscle beneath the endometrium of uterus. Even if they are small fibroids they can crowd into the uterus cavity and might lead to heavy bleeding and serious complications. Submucosal Fibroids can grow into the uterine cavity and they can remain attached by a small piece of tissue. And these Type of Uterine Fibroids are called Pedunculated Submucosal Fibroids. These are termed as intra-cavity fibroids and they can be passed through the cervix.

Once you understand the types, consult a doctor for discussing the treatment and surgical options.

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