If you a have Uterine Fibroids or someone who you know has Uterine Fibroids and thinking about options for fibroid treatment, then read the following section.
There are basically two main options for uterine fibroid treatment: medication and surgical options. If you are looking for home remedies or natural treatment, then there are no scientific proof that home remedies or natural treatment will work.
Medications for Uterine Fibroid Treatment
Doctors agree that they don’t know what causes uterine fibroids. They think that fibroids might be related to estrogen levels. Obesity might also increase the risk of fibroids. Usually doctors may prescribe medications to reduce the level of estrogen.
It is better to consult the doctor, so that you can get proper medications for your conditions.
Surgical options for Uterine Fibroid Treatment
The surgical options for uterine fibroid treatment are: Uterine Fibroid Embolization, Myomectomy, Hysterectomy and Myolysis.
Uterine Fibroid embolization (Uterine artery embolization)
In Uterine Fibroid Embolization method, Surgeon uses small particles called embolic agents to block blood flow to fibroids. Surgeon blocks vessels by injecting these embolic agents into the blood vessels feeding blood to the fibroids thus blocking the blood flow. As a result fibroids will shrink and die.
Although this is not a surgery, doctor might keep you under supervision in the hospital for a day or two. Complications will arise only if the embolic agents block the blood supply to other organs.However, the possibility of this happening is quite rare.
The recovery period for Uterine Fibroid Embolization is lower than other Uterine Fibroid Treatments.
It is a procedure where the doctor will destroy the inner uterine lining. Surgeon usually uses heat, hot water, microwave energy or electric current to destroy the lining. This will decrease the bleeding. Surgeon will prefer Endometrial Ablation only if fibroids are near the inner surface. If fibroids aren’t near the lining then this is not an effective procedure but it still helps to control abnormal bleeding(if any). It is better to consult your doctor to know whether this is a good option for you.
Myomectomy is preferred over hysterectomy, if the patient is planning to get pregnant. In myomectomy the surgeon will try to take out symptom-causing fibroids. Then he/she will reconstruct the uterus. Although it is preferred over hysterectomy, if it leads to scarring, myomectomy might result in infertility. It is better to wait for 4 to 6 months after the surgery, if you want to conceive.
After myomectomy, you can see symptoms relief and fertility improvements.
If you are looking for a permanent solution then hysterectomy is the only known treatment for it. In hysterectomy, the surgeon removes the uterus. After this, you wont be able to conceive. Some women might opt for removing ovaries too but it is risky. This is only necessary if fibroids have infected your ovaries. Removal of ovaries and fallopian tube results in early menopause.
It is a procedure where radio frequency energy, laser or electric current destroys fibroids. It is a laparoscopic surgery which destroys the fibroids and shrinks the blood vessels. If they freeze the fibroids then the process is called cryomyolysis.