Hernia: Types & signs that you might have Hernia

4 mins read
Hernia, types, causes and symptoms
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If you can see or feel a tissue bulging from the abdominal area, then there is a chance that you might have hernia. In this article, you can read about risks, signs and types of hernia.

What are the different types of Hernia?

It is important to understand different types of hernia. This will help you understand the causes, risks and treatment required for Hernia. Doctor might suggest treatment measures depending on the type of hernia. The major types of hernia are:

  1. Inguinal Hernia: In this type, intestine or bladder extends into the groin’s inguinal canal or abdominal wall.
  2. Hiatal Hernia: This occurs when upper part of the stomach squeezes through an opening in the diaphragm.
  3. Umbilical Hernia: It occurs if intestine extends into the umbilical opening in abdominal region.
  4. Incisional Hernia: If you have undergone a surgery and the intestine protrudes through the incision done during surgery, Then it is called Incisional Hernia.

Causes of Hernia

If you have a weakness in muscle or fascia and if you exert pressure then there is a risk of hernia. Some of the other reasons because of which you might have hernia are:

  • Pregnancy, because it puts pressure on your abdomen.
  • Persistent sneezing or coughing
  • Straining on toilet
  • Strenuous Activity
  • Abdominal fluid
  • Poor nutrition
  • Suddenly gaining weight
  • Surgery in the area.

As you can see, these causes are directly related to exerting force on the abdominal wall or weakening of it. As a result of which fatty tissue extrudes out of the area where the muscle or connective tissue is weak.

The risk factors for hernia depends on the type of hernia. If you know these risk factors, then you can try to reduce the risk of developing hernia by taking proper precautions. Some of the risk factors for different types of hernia are:

  • Inguinal Hernia: Risk factors for Inguinal Hernia are as follows.
    • Ageing
    • People with relatives who had inguinal hernia
    • If they had Inguinal Hernia before.
    • Males
    • If you are smoking then the risk is relatively higher as it weakens tissues.
    • Pregnancy
    • People who have chronic constipation.
  • Hiatal Hernia: If you are obese and over 50 years old then you might be at risk of Hiatal Hernia.
  • Umbilical Hernia: Premature babies and low birth weight babies have higher risk of umbilical hernia. If you are adult then the risk factors include:
    • Overweight
    • Had multiple pregnancies
    • Females
  • Incisional Hernia: If you had a surgery in the abdomen region then there is an increased risk of hernia. You are more susceptible to hernia in the time period of 3 to 6 months after surgery, especially if you are doing strenuous activity, become pregnant or gained additional weight.

Signs that you might have Hernia

Hernia may show symptoms or it may not. If it is not showing symptoms then it is just a lump in the abdomen or groin region. And if you have it, you might notice pain while bending, coughing or straining. This type of hernia which does not show symptoms are not dangerous. But if it shows other symptoms then it is advisable to consult a doctor. Some of the major signs and symptoms of hernia are:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Heartburn
  • Pain during bowel movement or during urination.
  • Pain while doing Strenuous Activity.
  • If you were standing a lot during the day, then you might feel pain during evening or later.

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