Hernia: Everything that you need to know

9 mins read

Have you ever had a painful protrusion near the chest, abdomen, or genitals? It could be the signs of a hernia. But you’re not alone. According to different reports, more than five million people suffer from this condition in the U.S. region alone while only 15% seek hernia treatment.

While you might not know of the exact reasons, these discomforting abrasions can limit your mobility to a great extent and if ignored, can prove fatal. With this rapid progression, it’s important to widen the knowledge about this medical issue and nothing, but MedFin can do that for you.

In this comprehensive guide, we cover all major aspects like – the symptoms, the primary factors that trigger it, treatment options, and much more.

So, without further ado, let’s dive into our first segment.

What is Hernia?

It’s defined as an abnormal protrusion of the abdominal viscera when there’s a hole in the peritoneum (a muscular wall that keeps abdominal organs in place).  It’s mostly painless, but in certain situations, it can often trigger a certain amount of pain.

Both men and women can equally suffer from this disease. Usually, a hernia in females appears near the uterus, while in males, it can appear near or above the penis. A specific type of hernias – umbilical hernia is a common occurrence in kids.

As hernias aren’t self-cured, you must consult a professional to understand the various treatment options you may leverage to get rid of the disease.

Signs and Symptoms You Must Look Out For

If you’re suffering from a hernia in the groin, you may notice a significant bulge on your body that disappears when you lie down and protrudes out when you’re busy doing household chores. Other possible hernia symptoms that you must look out for include:

  • Swelling in the groin/scrotum
  • Terrible pain while lifting heavy items
  • The bulge size increases over time
  • You experience a dull aching sensation frequently
  • Chest burns, swelling, and infection

If we look at the common hernia symptoms in females, you may experience a burning sensation that can go down to the labia, or sometimes create a pain or burning sensation in your upper inner thigh region.

If you’re noticing any of these signs and symptoms, you must immediately consult a professional as any delay in treatment can be fatal.

What Triggers It?

There are different kinds of hernia causes that we must keep an eye out for. Some of the most common causes include:

hernia causing factors
  • Weakened muscles
  • Aging
  • Repeated strain on the groin and abdominal region
  • Obesity
  • Heavy lifting
  • Long-lasting heavy cough
  • Weakening of diaphragm with age/pressure
  • Excess gastritis

You will get a clear insight into the causes once you’ve gone through our Types of Hernia section.

Different Types in Men and Women

According to experts, multiple types exist in the medical field. Some of the most common types are listed below:

Inguinal Hernia

It occurs when tissue pushes through a weak spot in the groin muscle and is commonly found in men.

Femoral Hernia

It occurs when the tissue bulges from the lower belly into the upper thigh, just below the groin crease. You may experience pain in the groin area and hence is often mistaken for an inguinal one.

Umbilical Hernia

It occurs when intestines, fat, or fluid pushes through a weak spot in your belly. If you’re suffering from this type, you may notice a bulge near the belly button or navel.

Hiatal  Hernia

It’s different from other hernia types because, in this type, your stomach starts bulging through the diaphragm and into your chest.

According to reports, an inguinal one is the most common type making up to nearly 75% – 80% of cases around the world.

Diagnosis & Treatment Options

Before initiating any treatment, medical experts conduct your physical examination to determine which type affects your body. They analyze your complete medical history to see if any medical condition is the deciding factor triggering this disease.

If your hernia shows negligible symptoms, the doctors prefer waiting and monitor your condition consistently. However, it can be fatal if you’re suffering from the femoral type of hernias.

In the else case, when your hernia does show a certain symptom, the following treatment options are undertaken:

Open surgery

A cut is made on your body at the location of the disease, and the tissue is set back in place, while the weakened muscle is stitched back.

Laparoscopic surgery

To conduct this hernia surgery, doctors make tiny incisions on your body instead of cutting outside the groin/abdomen regions. The tiny incisions are large enough to allow surgical tools to penetrate within your body and complete the hernia laparoscopic surgery procedure.

Before finalizing any treatment option, you must discuss the pros and cons of each surgery method and the average hernia surgery cost with your doctor and then make a final decision.  

Does it Have Any Complications?

As per doctors, the common complications associated with the surgery are:


A collection of white fluid in the wound

Mesh infection

It’s the most dangerous complication of hernia diseases. It requires removal of mesh thorough cleaning of the wound and culture-based antibiotics


Which may subside by consuming common painkillers


A collection of blood in the wound

To avoid recurrence, you must avoid putting too much pressure on sensitive regions like the abdomen or groin. It’s best to consult a certified professional to learn about the different hernia reasons and the best ways to administer the treatment.  

Hernia: Prevention Tips & Road to Recovery

There’s no particular guarantee that can help you get rid of the hernia completely. However, by following the below-mentioned steps, you can give yourself good health and prevent hernias to a large extent:

  • Focus on eating a healthy diet and regular exercise to maintain your body weight
  • Intake more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, etc. to avoid constipation and avoid consuming fatty food items
  • Avoid alcohol consumption and smoking
  • Don’t’ lift heavy-weights
  • Never hold in your urine/stool as it can create unwanted pressure on your  intestine
  • Drink more amounts of water

FAQs on Hernia: All Your Queries Answered

Is hernia painful? How long does it last?

Yes, a hernia can be painful in most cases. There’s no particular duration of how long a hernia can last. However, according to experts, you must seek medical advice at the first instance of hernia symptoms. Post-treatment, you must adhere to the precautions to avoid recurrence and prevent discomfort.

Is there any age of experiencing hernia symptoms?

No, there’s no age bar for getting a hernia. Children and adults of all age groups can suffer from it depending on the level of physical activity like weight lifting, stress, etc., and various other factors.

Author: Medfin Medfin is the future of surgical care, that’s been helping people get access to the latest day-care procedures and top doctors at the most affordable costs.

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