Grade III & grade IV varicose veins, when left ignored may lead to non-healing skin ulcers, that can turn into skin cancer. Hence the treatment for varicose veins should not be ignored.
What are Varicose Veins?
Every minute your heart beats 60 to 100 times. Have you ever thought, how your blood keeps flowing between these beats?
The answer to this question is valves. These valves line your blood vessels (arteries and veins) and ensure that blood keeps flowing in one direction.
Between every heartbeat, these valves close, thereby preventing the flow of blood in the opposite direction.
When these valves fail, blood may go in the opposite direction. As a result, the blood starts to pool in the veins.
This condition is called varicose veins.
Treatment for varicose veins depends on the stage of varicose veins.
It is advisable to consult a doctor to know which treatment suits you.
There are usually three options for treatment for varicose veins, they are
- Conservative Management
- Medical Management
- Minimally invasive treatments & Surgical Management
For early-stage varicose veins (stage I and stage II), the doctor might suggest conservative management.
Conservative Management usually involves compression stockings, exercises, or other natural treatments.
Varicose Veins Home Treatment (Home Remedies for Varicose Veins)
Home remedies for controlling varicose veins usually involve exercise and varicose veins stockings among others. These will be discussed in the following sections.
Some doctors may also suggest a balanced diet.
If Patients are obese then they are advised to lose their weight.
Compression Stockings for varicose veins (Varicose Veins Socks)
Compression stockings apply pressure on the veins to improve blood circulation and compress dilated veins.
Varicose Veins Compression socks come in all sizes and shapes. Choosing compression stocking is difficult. Hence, it is better to consult an expert doctor. He/she will prescribe stockings which suit your condition.
Modification to Occupation
When someone stands for a prolonged period, the veins tend to lose tension, it can lead to varicose veins. Hence, people who are in professions where they have to stand for long periods of time are at a higher risk of varicose veins.
If one modifies his/her profession, where they don’t have to stand for prolonged periods, it decreases the risk of varicose veins. It also helps to control the severity of varicose veins.
Exercises for varicose veins
People who do not have good calf strength are at a higher risk of varicose veins and may develop varicose veins.
When varicose veins are in the early stages, the doctor may suggest exercises. All the exercises that strengthen calf muscles like cycling and running improve varicose veins.
Yoga for varicose veins
As we have discussed above, any exercise that helps improve calf strength improve varicose veins. Therefore, any asanas that improve calf strength may improve varicose veins.
Medical Management (Medicine for Varicose Veins)
If varicose veins are in the initial stages then doctors may prescribe medicines for varicose veins along with conservative management.
The prescribed medicines are usually aimed at improving venous tone and improving varicose veins.
“In some cases, the underlying cause of Varicose Veins is Deep Vein Thrombosis. In such cases, we have to use anti-coagulant medications to treat the DVT. As a result, varicose veins can regress”, says Dr. Bhaskar.
If you are under any medications, then it is advisable to inform the doctor. This will help the doctor make an informed decision while prescribing medicine.
Minimally invasive treatments & surgical management
Varicose veins that are in stage 3 or stage 4 may require surgery or minimally invasive procedures.
Doctors usually prefer minimally invasive procedures like EVLT, Sclerotherapy, and RFA over surgery.
When the varicose veins are in stage 4 or when other treatments have failed, the doctor may prefer surgery.
Minimally Invasive Treatments
There are minimally invasive procedures for varicose veins, these are usually daycare procedures, have minimal blood loss and minimal post-surgical pain.
Minimally invasive procedures for varicose veins include:
- EVLT (Endovenous Laser Treatment)
- RFA (Radiofrequency Ablation)
Endovenous Laser Treatment (EVLT)
EVLT is a minimally invasive procedure for varicose veins.
In EVLT, the doctor uses Laser which causes the vein to collapse on itself.
There are no major cuts hence the recovery time and post-surgery pain are minimal. Patients who undergo EVLT can go back to their home on the same day. They can get back to their normal life within 2 to 3 days. Due to all of these factors, hundreds of patients who have consulted Medfin prefer EVLT.
In Sclerotherapy, the surgeon injects a solution (usually a salt solution) directly into the vein. The inner lining of the blood vessel gets irritated by these solutions, as a result, it collapses.
Just like EVLT, Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive procedure where the recovery time and post-surgery pain are minimal.
Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA)
It is a minimally invasive procedure where the surgeon uses radio waves to heat and close the affected veins.
Radiofrequency Ablation is similar to EVLT in terms of heating the affected vein, the only difference is the surgeon uses Radiowaves instead of Laser to heat the affected veins.
RFA is a minimally invasive procedure, therefore, post-surgical pain and recovery time are minimal.
Surgical Management of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins that are in advanced stages need surgery. Surgery usually involves stripping of varicose veins.
Surgery has a risk of bleeding, infection, scarring and deep vein thrombosis.
Patients need to be admitted to the hospital and the recovery time may vary from a few days to a couple of weeks.
The doctor may prescribe the patient to wear compression stockings for varicose veins after surgery.
Hidden Dangers of ignoring varicose veins treatment
If varicose veins are left untreated then it might lead to further complications.
Grade III & Grade IV varicose veins, when left ignored may lead to non-healing skin ulcers, these can turn into skin cancer.
Sometimes, veins could burst and bleed.
Is some cases, when varicose veins are left untreated, it can turn into DVT or Thrombophlebitis.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
How to avoid varicose veins surgery?
If varicose veins are in early stages (stage I and stage II) then it is possible to avoid surgery by resorting to conservative or medical management.
When varicose veins are in stage III and stage IV, it is possible to prefer Minimally invasive treatment like EVLT, Sclerotherapy, and RFA over surgery. But, in some conditions, varicose veins will require surgery.
It is best to consult an expert doctor to know whether you can avoid surgery.
How to cure varicose veins in 1 day?
The real question you should be asking is, can varicose veins be cured in 1 day?
The good news is that the answer to both the questions is YES, Varicose Veins can be cured in one day.
Minimally invasive treatments like Endovenous Laser Treatment (EVLT) are daycare procedures, where varicose veins can be cured within one day and the patient can go home on the same day as treatment.
If you opt for this treatment then doctors can cure varicose vein in 1 day.
How can I get rid of Varicose Veins Naturally?
If varicose veins are in the early stages, then the doctor might suggest conservative management of varicose veins.
Conservative management includes home remedies for varicose veins and natural treatment.
The doctor may suggest you wear compression stockings for varicose veins to help improve the venous tone.
He might also prescribe some medicines to improve venous tone or treat DVT (if DVT is the underlying cause for varicose veins).
In some cases. doctors may also suggest exercises that strengthen calf muscles like running and cycling.
It is advisable to consult an expert doctor in order to get suitable treatment for varicose veins.
What is Varicose Veins’ treatment in Ayurveda?
To get treatment for varicose veins through Ayurveda, it is advisable to consult an Ayurvedic doctor. He/she will suggest the best treatment based on grade and condition of varicose veins.