You have pain in your lower abdomen or somewhere below your bladder. Or someone you know has similar pain. You can’t figure it out why it is hurting there. When you asked ‘that friend’ or people around you, they might have told you that it is “Enlarged Prostate” or “Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)”.

Prostate Enlargement (Benign prostatic hyperplasia)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia

If that is the scenario, where you think or you actually have Enlarged Prostate, then you might have some questions running in your mind. Read the following section, where we have tried to answer questions which you may have in your mind.

FAQ 1. What is the main cause of prostate enlargement? 

Doctors clearly don’t know what causes prostate enlargement. But, there are some risk factors and they are:

  • Age: Men who are 60 years or older have a 33% chance of developing prostate and half of the men who are 80 years old or above have enlarged prostate. Enlarge prostate cases where the men were younger than 40 is really rare. So, doctors think that age might be one of the risk factors for BPH.
  • Family: If someone in your blood relatives has BPH then there is a good chance that you may develop prostate enlargement.
  • Lifestyle: People who have obesity have a higher risk of BPH and people who regularly exercise have a lower risk of BPH.
  • Diabetes and Heart Disease: Studies indicate that people with diabetes, heart disease and use of beta-blockers have a higher risk of BPH.

FAQ 2. Is it dangerous to have an enlarged prostate?


FAQ 3. What happens if an enlarged prostate goes untreated?

Doctors consider BPH as a part of men’s normal aging process. If you get treatment for BPH or enlarged prostate, then it is nothing to worry about. But, if you are ignoring treatment for BPH then it may lead to urinary retention. This can act as a precursor to bladder damage or bladder stones, Urinary tract infections (UTIs) and damage to kidney.

FAQ 4. What will shrink an enlarged prostate? 

If you have BPH then it is better to consult a doctor. The doctors may suggest medications to shrink your prostate. These medications will prevent hormonal changes which might cause prostate growth. These medications might take up to 6 months to be effective. Else you can opt for Surgery.

FAQ 5. Can enlarged prostate be cured? 

If you have enlarged prostate, then you should be looking for treatment options. In that case, you can feel better knowing that there are several treatment options for Enlarged Prostate of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). Through these, yes BPH can be cured.

FAQ 6. What is the best treatment for an enlarged prostate?

If you have Enlarged Prostate (BPH) then you should visit your doctor. He/she will see the condition of your BPH and suggest treatment options. Enlarged Prostate treatment options are Medications, Surgery, and Herbal Therapies.

If necessary then doctors will prescribe medications depending on your conditions. If you are looking for herbal therapies then there are no scientific proof that any of the Herbal Therapies work. The Surgical options for BPH include and are not limited to:

  1. Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE): It is a minimally invasive treatment that doctors might suggest to lower urinary tract symptoms caused by BPH.
  2. TUMT (Transurethral Microwave thermotherapy): In this procedure, the surgeon will use microwave to destroy tissues. Doctors might prefer TUMT if the blockage is mild to moderate.
  3. TUNA (Transurethral Radio Frequency Needle Ablation): TUNA is a procedure where a surgeon destroys prostate tissue to relieve symptoms and improve urine flow.
  4. TURP (Transurethral resection of the prostate): In TURP, Surgeon removes only those tissues which block the flow of urine. It is the most common surgery for BPH. It is considered to bring the greatest reduction in BPH symptoms.

FAQ 7. Can an enlarged prostate ever shrink?

If you are asking whether it can be done naturally, then no scientific evidence exists till now. But, if you are opting to get treatment for it then yes, it can shrink. Consult a doctor, he will guide you through the process.

FAQ 8. What can I eat to shrink my prostate?

You can reduce the risk of Enlarged Prostate by adding foods that contain certain vitamins and minerals. The foods that you can add to your diet are:

  1. Sesame Seeds (Zinc)
  2. Salmon (Omega-3 fatty acids)
  3. Bell Peppers (Vitamin C)
  4. Tomatoes (Lycopene)
  5. Avocados (beta-sitosterol)
  6. Vegetables
  7. Tofu

FAQ 9. What is the best natural remedy for an enlarged prostate?

There are herbal products on the market which claim to shrink the prostate. But there is no scientific proof that these products will work. And they are not regulated. So, it is better to consult your doctor for treatment options.

FAQ 10. What foods harm the prostate? 

If you want to keep your prostate healthy, then you can avoid the following foods in your diet.

  1. Processed and Red meat
  2. Alcohol
  3. Dairy
  4. Saturated Fats

FAQ 11. Is coffee bad for your prostate?

If you have BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or Enlarged Prostate) then you should avoid coffee and caffeine in your diet.



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