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Uterine Fibroid Treatment: Medications and surgical options

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uterine fibroid treatment

If you a have uterine fibroid or someone who you know has it and is thinking of treatment options, then read the following article.

There are basically two main options for uterine fibroid treatment: medication and surgical options. If you are looking for home remedies or natural treatment, then there are no scientific proof that home remedies or natural treatment will work.

Medications for uterine fibroid treatment

Doctors agree that they don’t know what causes uterine fibroids. They think that fibroids might be related to estrogen levels. Obesity might also increase the risk of fibroids. Usually doctors may prescribe medications to reduce the level of estrogen.

It is better to consult the doctor, so that you can get proper medications for your conditions.

Surgical options for uterine fibroid treatment

The surgical options for uterine fibroid treatment are: Uterine Fibroid Embolization, Myomectomy, Hysterectomy and Myolysis.

Uterine fibroid embolization (uterine artery embolization)

In Uterine Fibroid Embolization method, the surgeon uses small particles called embolic agents to block blood flow to fibroids. The surgeon injects these  agents into the vessels feeding blood to the fibroids thus blocking the blood flow. As a result, the fibroids gradually shrink and gets absorbed by the body.

Although this is not a surgery, the doctor might keep you under supervision in the hospital for a day or two. Complications will arise only if the embolic agents block the blood supply to other organs. However, the possibility of this happening is quite rare.

The recovery period for uterine fibroid embolization is lower than other uterine fibroid treatments.

Endometrial Ablation

It is a procedure where the doctor destroys the inner uterine lining. The surgeon usually uses heat, hot water, microwave energy or electric current to destroy the lining. This decreases the bleeding. The doctor prefer endometrial ablation only if fibroids are near the inner surface. If fibroids aren’t near the lining, then this is not an effective procedure but it still helps to control abnormal bleeding (if any). It is better to consult your doctor to know whether this is a good option for you or not.

Myomectomy

Myomectomy is preferred over hysterectomy, if the patient is planning to get pregnant. In myomectomy, the surgeon tries to take out symptom-causing fibroids. Then he/she reconstructs the uterus. Although it is preferred over hysterectomy, but in case it leads to scarring, myomectomy might result in infertility. It is better to wait for 4 to 6 months after the surgery, if you want to conceive.

After myomectomy, you can see  relief in symptoms and fertility improvements.

Hysterectomy

If you are looking for a permanent solution then hysterectomy is the only known treatment for it. In hysterectomy, the surgeon removes the uterus. After this, you wont be able to conceive. Some women might opt for removing ovaries too but it is risky. This is only necessary if fibroids have infected your ovaries. Removal of ovaries and fallopian tube result in early menopause.

Myolysis

It is a procedure where radio frequency energy, laser or electric current destroys fibroids. It is a laparoscopic surgery which destroys the fibroids and shrinks the blood vessels. If they freeze the fibroids, then the process is called cryomyolysis.

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